Medical Knowledge


Women of childbearing age usually have menstrual cycles lasts from 28-32 days, including 3-5 days that called days of menstruation. The average blood per every menstruation period is often from 50-80 ml​​. But for some reason that menstrual cycles is irregular and unstable changing from less than 21 days or more than 35 days, unusually heavy or light bleeding, black menstrual blood or hemoglobin level after amenstrual cycle is lower than normal (120g/l) which are normalsymptoms of menstrual disorders.

Up to 75% of all women will experience menstrual disorders one or more in her life. Modern life, health problems are increasingly focusing, especially reproductive health.

1. Disorders of age:

Early puberty, late puberty: Menstruation usually begins the ages 12-13. Today, due to diet and habitat changes, puberty tends to come earlier, in some cases menarche occurs between the ages 8,9. This still like as normal.

Early menopause, late menopause: Menopause is defined as the time after 12 months that a woman absolutely have no menstruation, usually occurs between 45-55 (50 ± 5 years)

2. Disorders of the menstrual cycle:

Irregular menstruation: Menstrual regularity have no rule, time between the two cycles can last several months that would be a few days. The bleeding is sometimes heavy sometimes light.
Abnormal menstruation between periods: Menstruation usually occurs a few days in time spacing between two cycles (the amount of blood is often small).

Quick menstruation or Short menstruation cycle: the cycle time is less than 21 days.

Oligomenorrhea: Menstrual cycle is about 36 days to 6 months. 

Amenorrhea: When a girl from young to old is not menstruating is called primary amenorrhea. If after a period of normal menstruation, the menstruation has stopped more than 6 months but not for pregnancy, so-called secondary amenorrhea. There are also physiological status amenorrhea (pregnancy, menopause). 

Blocked menstruation: When a girl at least 18 years old is not menstruating or had regular periods before, but continuously over 3 months is not menstruating – called blocked menstruation.

3. Disorders of the number of menstruation days:

Menorrhagia: the phenomenon of menstrual cycle lasts more than 7 days and the amount of blood loss exceeding 80ml.

Metrorrhagia: the phenomenon of bleeding from female genital organs lasts more than 7 days, but differ from menorrhagia,  Metrorrhagia does not occur under certain cycle.

4. Disorders of flow:

Menometrorrhagia: the phenomenon of blood bleeds more than usual (normally not more than 100ml), menstruation period is too long (normally 7 days). Normally based only on the number of tampons used to judge. If the flow is too much, with large blood clots; after that, hemoglobin will be lowerthan normal (120g / l) and make patients getting anemic.

Hypomenorrhea: the menstrual amount is less than 20ml, based on the amount of tampons used very little or noused or menstrual period is less than 3 days.

5. Disorders of the symptom of menstruation:

Dysmenorrhoea: the phenomenon of menstrual abdominal pain, if thepain is heavy, theywill penetrate the spine, spreads down the thigh and spread throughout the abdomen. Also,it may be back pain accompanied by chest pain, breast tension, nausea, emotional, affecting the daily life of labor.

6. Disorders of follicle development:

Anovulatory menstrual cycle: is a cycle in ovarian do not have the ripe follicles, so do not make ovulation phenomenon, if this phenomenon occurs frequently, this easily lead to infertility. 

These disorders are known as menstrual disorders. If the women have one of these disorders, the best thing to do is going to see a specialist of obstetrics and gynecology immediately to ensure the their future reproductive health.

Cao Ich Mau and OP.CIM®

Cao Ich Mau and OP.CIM® is prepared from herbs which are used for long time by experiencedtraditional treatment to treat menstrual disorders and are written in the Vietnamese Pharmacopoeia IV.

Herba Leonuri japonici invigorates blood and moves stagnation, generates new blood and regulates menstruation by activating blood circulation. In case of the cessation of menstruation, menstrual cramps, or heavy bleeding.

Rhizoma Cyperi removes stagnation of Qi, eases the mind, regulates menstruation and relieves pain. Using to treat stagnation of liver energy, irregular menstruation, menstrual abdominal pain, sore swollen breasts.

Herba Artemisiae vulgaris is used to warm the Qi and blood, , to regulate menstruation, to treat menstrual abdominal pain due to cold and menstrual disorder, menstrual difficulties due to anemia or other causes.

Figure caption:

-  Menstrual disorder, dysmenorrhoea, oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea, short and long menstrual disorder. 
-   Tonify blood for women.

By Pharmacist Cuong Ho Duc - Translate by Master Hoa Mac Tu

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