What is high blood fat?
High blood fat, also known as dyslipidemia, is a medical condition when one or more blood lipid parameters are disturbed (increased Cholesterol/Triglyceride/LDL-c, or decreased HDL-c…). Dyslipidemia often has no specific symptoms, most clinical symptoms of the disease are only discovered when they cause complications in organs or dangerous complications such as atherosclerosis or myocardial infarction. , Stroke……
Who is at risk of lipid disorders?
Some clinical signs can suggest the disease such as obesity, xanthelasma, stroke, coronary artery disease… However, in reality, patients with normal or thin body condition still have dyslipidemia.
Therefore, accurate diagnosis must be based on paraclinical indicators such as:
Blood cholesterol > 5.2mmol/L (200mg/dL)
Triglycerides > 1.7mmol/L (150mg/dL)
LDL-cholesterol >2.58mmol/L (100mg/dL)
HDL-cholesterol < 1.03mmol/L (40mmol/L)
What is the cause of the disease?
Primary cause: due to genetic mutations that cause excessive synthesis or decreased clearance of Cholesterol, Triglyceride, LDL-c, decreased synthesis or increased clearance of HDL-c. Primary dyslipidemia often occurs early in children and young adults, rarely accompanied by obesity.
Secondary causes: lifestyle of eating a lot of fast food containing a lot of fat, lack of exercise or pathogenesis from other diseases such as diabetes, Cushing’s syndrome, hypothyroidism, kidney disease, cirrhosis, people using estrogen .
What complications can dyslipidemia cause?
Blood lipids increase and if left untreated for a long time, excess lipids can accumulate in organs and viscera, causing signs such as: corneal arches, yellow rashes on the eyelids, eyelids, retinal lipidosis. membranes, fatty liver, pancreatitis…
The most dangerous complication of dyslipidemia is atherosclerosis, which is the main cause of myocardial infarction, stroke, and occlusive inflammation causing necrosis of the feet.
How to treat lipid disorders?
Treatment of lipid disorders must combine lifestyle changes and medication. Lifestyle change is the first indication, including increasing exercise – physical activity, especially for people with office jobs and sedentary subjects, and adjusting the diet to suit the body. status and nature of work.
If lifestyle changes after 2-3 months do not bring the desired effect, patients are prescribed treatment with lipid-lowering drugs: such as Statin group (Atorvastatin, Rosuvastatin, Simvastatin…), Fibrate group (Gemfibrozil , Clofibrate, Fenofibrate), Resin Group (Cholestyramine, Colestipol, Colesevelam), Omega 3.
However, drugs used to treat lipid disorders are metabolized through the liver, and the risk of harming the liver is very high. Therefore, in addition to adjusting blood lipids to normal levels, it is necessary to use drugs that do not harm the liver in particular and other organs in general.
“GARLICAP Turmeric Garlic Tablets” by OPC is a medicine prepared from Garlic and Turmeric. These are medicinal herbs commonly found in Vietnamese people’s daily meals but are effective in treating increased Cholesterol and Triglycerides.
Dyslipidemia is a disease that needs to be controlled and treated over a long period of time. Therefore, in addition to making positive lifestyle changes, choosing safe medications and minimizing side effects is extremely necessary for patients to comply with the correct treatment regimen to achieve effective treatment. as desired.